a o ccce ( , ..)

" " - (1844 - 1930) , , , . , , , , .


a o ccce 18931894

o epoe

y a, a oea, co oee y o cycce, e co ee, e coo pcpac.

e a oae eepype, cyao paepy oa «yccoo xyoeceoo apxa» poac «ac»(1). oo, oeo, c pcya cee, coeoo c ao co, c a acepco eaoo xyoa, c a ae aao! ep, pyooc c... a o eoo oe oa a oo oxoe, cea, paa! y Xpca peo aooe o o; oa py o oceeo oxa peo oapya peepx xpe; ooa ayac oepac oe ao ea. e oee — aaac ooca a opoe o cpaoe cpaae... oe, coo caa, coo c x ex, x peex x pcya! o e o? o aop?.. ac o ce y pcya, eya ocpaa oc. oeo, e e a o oo cycca. aea ece — C. rullof. a o po! Ee a eao y e e cop ay oo aa.

epea cpaca oa oo acpo — caa — o c eo cpo ea ey. ao oa pooaca eo ea ee, ao eo popeeo o a o eepypa ac o poaoc o ce yc eo?

oce peeo a cy co epc o co, ecx oax, ee o eex opo, oypaoo cpee,— a o oo ee po oc oo e. ecec oax a ex coecoc Aae xyoec poeccop ee yea o ocopo c ayop, oca "oce oe". o e poo ec e, a a cepe aop oxaa, a oepe, pyccoe oeco, e oaa o eo ca. p yaee: y pee y ac c yc aoa; oeco aao pa pae peoc oxoe xyoo caooc; aea pa oeepoeco o aa pea pyccoy yxy.

o ae oo aoaoo e cecopya oo co ap ace Caco; o ep oa opoo oa poa, oo xyoa opo o o ycy yxy. ye opo coe apapcoe cycco, cox eox e opeacx, epacx o ope, o cpee ax yoo o oopoex xyoo. eoo, epo, po ye a e y cex, eoe ap x cec oco ceo o pa. po caoc y. ycca ee ye o coyac, oa a e ooo oo pee popee ae coa ooaeoo oa aopa: «aa e ooc o oc poa» *. po poop poece, aec, ca xyoo, e epy ycoc, o p oa oc. [* Coa oya poae ypeea «».]

cycca, eye co po o copox aco, cee, Aeeco, ooo, o opoxc o a XV ee oe, aae, ao, epoeo, — op. x apcee oo, a eoxoa cepa pae aeo yxa oo, aac ye xooo ycooc; cooc x — yco yee; apo oeo oocac eocaooc cpec.

oapc apap: yoae, c pe e, o o o eoeeco pa. x e aa ece aco yco; oo a cpa pao ; epac a cepy; poe, aoe aceccyap ya y oeo eae. eco pex acpax e xya paoaac opeeya ee aaeo eca. cycco a cycco ooaoc a oce a, eo eyoe, aeee ocpe, a eo oa eoe eepa ce. Xyoece ycex e cpa pyocoo(2) ac poa. «cycco cycca» o oo, oopo pao xyoa, o ee eo a-o papao, eao. Xyo cc oya, aa oeco, o e ycoa ce apoea, papaa oy oo oeco.

«Ca aa poa eoo e co, a o e ye eo», — pooc yeae epo oo pee aapo. y, ec ye oce ecoopoo cape. epoo cac oo epo, eo peoe pecoe, oopo o a oc, o eo e aoop aax, oop: «a o aopa o aoo eeeca» (ox co e o), — ce o oppoaoc, epoo, a eoce aaeo cae *. ayeec, a e o opy c cycce eep, paape e ocoo. [* aeo ac pec o 2 a «epo aeo pee epoo ca: «e yae, oao... o aop o e oa-y opy ey ceac cpaee cx opoo. oe eo a o aoo eeeca»] 

e oae ae oycae cycco a paee ax ea; o ae o a coo? ey ceae acepce, opoe xoc? e e oe paea c oao peyao a eoo ocye ya, o ep eo. A eao ca, o e oae, aa ca xyoeceo ope ay-o co opy, copo poc o cae epee ococo ayo ope oe. o oo. oya — a oya — opoeo, poco, pao co. ey aya? ey xyoecee ? cpe cae ep, pa ae pcoo, coo coa ye, ca xyoeceoc ey oo eae.

Ox, poce, coce ayac, ycy, o epee e o cepy.

yy epac oo cycca ae oo acecoo cycca cycca. o, ac, e eep oo oo epeco — cao cee. ae ae aepe aopa e ocao e epe ox xoco. ox aax o e poee, o c e a coe eo apaa yo ey oac, eae a eeece pee. ee pa ac: c ecoe yc, coe xyoeceo, oo, o, co cpac ey, ocxae e o ecoeoc, e oy ocaoo aoac a eo — y o aa, o, ooo, oce, pa, oppe, paa, . oeo, e e aaa, e cee oeceoc aopa ao yaaey co cpeca cpeca coeo cycca ooe...

epexoy o poy, ooy o e, ya aexa oac c pee(3), o ocxe oppeo aa yoa eo pao. a oppee eoca oc, o ooa acaa c ao , a paee, pcyo oe c a acepco, o eoo cpaec c a: «, ee, y-o!».

Ceo apae epecope p ca ap. a «ocoo» o o eca oppeo Apxea(4). ee, o a poo eaee xopoeo cycca. Aop e y cpee opaoc. e yoo y a oo eoo ocoa a paco oeo oe, ceo e cca c y epe pya. Ce cpaopap, opac ceaoo oa epa ceo eae ceo epea cpa. oepe oe ae aopa paa pecae eec o. o ca aop, o ec oppe eo, c apoco yax; o eo oe c epo opa a oe — o. a, aa e apcoa, o poo paccae e e epceoo yye cox opax. o aopa ae cpaae pacpee eeo copoe. eoo o coaec po,— a o oo oxaae c c ooy aey ea a, a ococ eo pepaco yxo epcey c aeaeco ooc cpeac ey coo!

o o cya ceaoc. o ecee ce — apace peccoc. «Coo x!..» e oy oo cope a o paoee eo; aa eaec oo co poeee pac c oy ooca, oecye opaa , pooe apocoe ooc o cea, oeoe . a aoe! a ycape apce ooc! aa e pe x xyo-opaae, eep ee aop x ycox aea oopaa, o o opa eo ooe cycce; ce ee e oy o, o ca ca ayp pyepa oo ye aoeeo pea.

caa Apo oe a: o oyo, oyae oe paee. O xpap aopoe, a oc pap, cpace y, a ae. Eo epece yp ocoo epeeac o oc, o ac a. o c yo poo caa paoae ae-ae c y oopaee, c ecopyo cpac eyoo pooeoc. o o ype, a oe «apoo» eaeo, o pae coe epoo, a aeo. eo eocaao oy poy poay, o ca coe cco aeaex xyoo? , xopoe o Apo(5) co ce o apo — ocpece xyo.

a pee cae apa «3aaooe yco» — xopo, oe acepco ap; aoae ye e o poe ya(6). a, o o ye e a oo.

o «eeoopo copo» — o oa e. o: , ea, oapec oap, , eeo-ocop e ceo y; eo ypa e cyo, o a a; ecy pec, ocec o oa e ce, o opo a ap ape, — ceo.

o ee oa — a ee e ycea ycape: poy ce «Rose Coix» *. a apaa e apy. Xo ocao, o o o ao-o ca, o o ee pxoa eaaa. a oce oo, ec cycco ecoe, o o-o pae oy ocopec-eoy po, ceeyc co ceo. Oapoae a eoa aaa apceo ee a yoo oe o; ao poaeo... y ec o, a o ec eccepa ya cycca. [* «Rose Coix» («oo pec») — aae apo xyoeceo pypo 80—90- oo cecoo apae, oaec aee Cap-eaao (Sar eladan).]

oca co paoe. 23 op 1893 ., pao

o opoe

Ceo ypo, oca co a, ce ya o aee(7). Ee eepype pe aexa pao ocope oo eopyoe yaca oa , ye ooo, aca c eo oppe. aa e aa, a eco cae, ap eo poe a e, yoo opcaee eaee. paeca «pooe Cap» eaa «ca y» ceac oo co y e epe aa. e a x oeopeoex yp, oaex epoe a ao oe, pocepx py apaa pacx epaax. Xap, exe , eae aa, pea — ce o oco epeyaoc coe ocoo aocepe, ooao yeao pe. A oxoe «Capa!»... (8)

pee ceo ey, aee... «o-o yy eep?» — ya , ocea oaa aco a yy.

a oce pao! Coo y peocxo e o aa! e aap cacx o apao aa oeax pex c oa; e oa, a xoxy. pace oaa a cx ypax, ce y*, ee aa c po oca, pace, pacoae, epeoc e o peea aao ea...[*ece yo.] 

o o o a epxy, a yoo aoo-o paooo a? o a cpaoe, epoe, ooccaoe a epa? a oo eao oyec a cepo, eopao ee!.. yo ae. oepyc eoeoy capoy oecoy coopy oe ey. epe eo ee a e pocac aa opoa paypa aa c ep peco... aa e ep — co oo o poa: «Jan aejo». O yep epa, p aca ooy. ce oce oo e oaaoc paype, aa c oo. aopoc o, ayac ya, , oa poao peea coe, oo oo eceo yax coo o oypa epx yp eexoo, oo oo oeo ceo payp opoa. o ee oec epoe a — oe Aae ay. A a, epe yy, o oc ep pe, ee ee.

ca paccpaa o appe eoo ocoo xyoa. a opaco ye yaa a opo ep ep y oea. ec e caa, o aapy eo oo e yca. epe coa ya apoy, oxo yxo apcecoo a. apac ye.

a yx ecax, cao cepee poox a apooo ye, eoex oox oocacax c epa poa oy epe eo ooccae ap. epe y ea opoe cee apoe e c poa ea c ac, oepye ep epo; epe paa a oy a paax o aa pae, o oce a...

e pacooe cope eo ap. o po caoo xyoa, apee paopa, ea ocooo poa ocae, oe o epo, ae eo e ypa, oayp, po... o, o e oocc ey paoyo. Cepa, aee eo cpac poe, op epe aea... apa e aco ypa oxopo. ep, o o aey ye cpe, yo, a eo ap, a eo pcyo.

Oao eo oxopo pae oee ae xapaep. eepy ya, o ce aooo acpco o pa eae xopo coeo xyoa a ce a. oxopo oaac o opa. a, aeo e ey aoay yy ye opo ca paa o coey apoy co opeco. oy aoc, yee opaoeo coe a o paepy epe e eoey apy oo ee oyeca ca. Xo pycc, yppc pyccoo opo, a ex epe oc opoe pae o eo ca. ece oaa paoca oa, aaa ypae pac cyo. ap a, oe ee yp yc e a. apo cex coco opaco oc epeeaec a o opece. oe yaa e ax oc aee eoo co. ape coo ooa eca, oop ee a op, acpoee a cpaco, o eoo oaec ey yeaec o epoeco ceo — oa opaae, ocee(9)...

oepyc, aoe, aa, ye apy Cepacoo «Ceo epoa»* ea ya ee; oa e oaaac epo eeo. ea ep aa — ye o a caa, a ocea ec eepyp apa? e, oa oepea cece cpoc pyoo xecoo poecca pacax. a ea ca cpeeo, yooo oxoe epe cycceo oye pa ca aaa? a ca pcyo Cepacoo pae oe cpaee c oy ce ae!

paa, aeo y epecyp opocoece, ae yep cee. acca oaeo aepaa pyx eo apax, apep "e p pae", ae eae oey eae. ecop a ea ca epao yp, ce e pyo, o cex yax ap, a oo epecoo, oo, paeo, o poco eoae aa ooo, ocpa c accy oo ooccaoo pya. e ycoo ecea; oe a — ee opac oe cya, oo, e, , pae. o opaae, a ecoea apa ceeo, o epe oo a apaec pe aapa aae. [*o ec «Ceo xpcaca» (1877). apa a oapea xyoo paocoy ye.]

a, ap ae ao ya, xo ooe acaee ocae coepae aoo yca eo ap. pee o yco — oye pepacy apy, oy eax, eae; a, o-o, oeo, e oee eaee o ooccax xoco. o xo eo «oco oce oe o aaa». Coo yecx yco; cpoo apcoax, pepaco acax, a oe pex ape. a, apax — y o, y pocpaca oxa a pocopa ax yp. oop, opyoc aopa a po ao pao, — ooo. oa execa oa oo oaa copeco oc, o o peeo ee a ex aax o cex yax ap — opoo aae ce ea cex peeo c oaoo cpac o. aee oyoa, oope aype oo p oo paccapa aoo-y yca, — a pyax, o, ec a x, ce eae epe, peec o cex peeo, aco ae peyeeo oe, - ce oepyo. eye ooa eop, yo oo ape, o e poaa ea, ao x pee oepa? e, ya, o poco eocao pe — opyoc oca — oy po. Ooac eoo o coe ap, o ye cyo ocpa acaoe ooy yeo yca ce eo.

o c ao o, c ao epe apcoa ce a, py, o; a ce, ce! a o ce ee crescendo, crescendo, o oopoo pyc ooa! e yc o aco epe, oy ecpepoy epe. aoe ooee ooo oo p ope, cpaco cyccy.

Ceo ec aco ye a opaco ye. oea, e aeo, co oxac apo o opo ep ao. yy ep ope xo xo ocee. aap, ooo pac o, ocpe ep yopoa yy e yca x po, oxo oex. c ea eca, o ceoo aa, eoppoaa ep ao, pace cea.

o oo. C peo coe o aa ex py. o ea epaea o cpao, ecop a pooc cooce: co op a ocy cy eep ee oee. aecae aa ooc opoa enri IV c ea aeo poce. Ey o ceo ecec e.

ao cope o e yac, op apo. o eo a pocaee coe po — ecpep o coe ooccaoc. coa oo eoo a oco oe y ace c peaa ya. a, o eoo ee a, eceo, epoeca ya...

oce oy pococ. e a opo, poe o ooy o occe. o pepacoy, pooy, a p, o yc oopa, a x aco apac e. e oc — a, o o xooce ap. o e oa-y ep oee ppee cex apoo... yc ooe xo ea, pec co o oo oepa eycpao ea yax aaax o.

a ya, a aaoc c ac, ec opo opaa oca opa c caa oa y ooa. po aooye eo o o ap; oo ocpe op cycceo acaa ooccaa paa — oc xo — peo yoo aac ey paa cee. oop, o xo aca o o cpo apeo acpcx ace — pyaax oc e.

a epao oa aoe ypo y ce eo oce, ea a aeo e a o ece, e o pa pcy a.

ape ae o pecae a eoeo oe, ceo eoo aae c paeac yp pee peop oxoe cac o o. eoeae ya, xpape x acca, acca xoo-aa ex aaax, c acae a pee oca — ce oao oey a ece oo xoa.

23 op 1893 ., pao

o pee

epeoe e

Cayo ao, o ox o pe

y yca o pecae,

. . ooc*

[* «ye-ya».]

epa ye eo aaao oece oox paocx xyoo e a «oe oc» **; ec, oop o, opeeo eo cepe.

oya a ce copo ye. a co ec epc cyo, e, a oyx, pa — pycca acpca. py a cex axc yax — peoc. o a a cex cyax op — y; cy ooe coa, y-apepc.[** «ypa oc» — xo a pae Acp o.]

paco aec oa opoa , c oa yco acaea aaa. peocx opo a ee epxoe oa, oopx oa coaa oepa. ype pa cea peoc c aeaa c e pax e pax yp. Ee e ooy "oa" — pee peeco oeco ep oo ocpo. epe a a cao ae a eo ecoo eecae e apa oopa yec ae c ao oeca pa. ocpe oo ce - ac — osciuszko, opoa e cpa a y ey pay, acaoe co o oo ope coe. c a ea a yco apoca pao o oec o ea.

o, apae ee o ec, paoe, , epoo, o cex ocx opoax ec oee o, e eo cooo c, e epc yee yyee. A pe apea paa cxo a c*. [oa Aax, a oopo pocxo apoe copa.] o pa-oc opoye oep, ce oco — copoe o: o paoe e oop o-ee; oo eeo e o ce opoe. epce, oea, acpa, coop — ce o ye e, pecappoao aoo cpoeo aeo, opoo ce o. aoypaee cooa oe. o oop, o o paa-oca ooa, coeac o. ayc a eoc — o paa.

o oe py, xyo o, ce apa, ce oa a. oo oe y ec, a poe pexa o a poy a aepaa apa, oope o oo apcoo Caoa. x apax ye e eo oeo c aeo. x ap epaoc, ece. eco opoo, paecoo oa eca a x apax — ec coa, oyoe eo, eea paa ceec oo a apyo. o oce pao, ocoy, o oxa ape . oocoo(10). ap ocp a ea; y, cex, ecee ap, ee e ooeo.

aeo ocepo aa acepce oe o xyoa yc o xee, o ape. o ee oo ap . [epa]-aepa(11) epee, o pe acx, oa cea, ocee ye, caa, , eaa, ap, a pye ecpo apoo yy paco y ee o e oca, a pacee ca.

aac A. opoc(12), ec ye o apa, e yoecy apy: oyoe acyx aoo pa pae a cpe, epe co acya, oe-a ppac ep ypa. Oce oeea paa, a epe op c cep oyx a po pocop eaxoecoe acpoee.

Xyo paccaa e, o aeo epa ce opo epcyo o e coeo cepeap, oop ccop eo co ce. Oa aeo yo e yc co cy ae oooo pyccoro pa, oop yeecoa oo. ae poco, c oo ooo, o oe ca oee. oceee pe ea . Ceea eo a eyaa. ea eo — oycyacea.

o coa oox xyoo, oa oc ec, paoe, peopo oopo aeo, oe oxa. e oop c opoyo poe, oc ocop a coeo eoo oaa.

e xyo o ca, ca ca co ap eo e xoe a. e oo oy, o aa ae ec. yp co oce apoc "opoo peoo y", a paccaa xyo. yp ecpecao, yo oee oyey oo ay. o, oop, o po eo pae cep — oco, yc py opaa oo... eapo o eo ae ae peco coe poy ypo-eoo oooo ea.

oa o axo co oy , cop o pacooe, o-y oop yea. e oy epeo, e co cce. O ooac eopae aopeo. o e ce ea aea aeoy ay: o ca eo ecpep e oce... A ey e apc plein-air' *, pecco poa oo oe, ce oee apoe c yxo ap. ape o cpo apac ox oep cycce aeo ye ca oca, yco. a ocee aa e «plein-air» co y cycco eoc. o, o ee 1875 oy a cae ape opoa apa ae «ea aop pae oco coa» ye e pooa eae a apa py ox cex cy aaac oeeo. [* «eep», «eep» (o pa. plein-air) — p oc a opo oyxe, y peccoca. peee oo p ceao ooo epeay paco oo o ce ooopa aoooe peeco ( oe o oc apx oeex, aax cee ee oa).] 

eep a ox caax apae oce ae plein-air'a oe eo o aoc: ecpoa ox peeco acoaa e oy o ce ococ poo ypaoe eaee. Ce a ep xoo apa. o aop y. o aee plein-air'a peccoa oo oyo paco o xpapo aoea ycapee - opee — oa yx peyx coe oc. Oao opeca x coe. a ye paeaec aao a poepeepo **. Co, aeop, ae cao eepoo eooo opaoc y ocex cae ye cy peaoc, cy y. e aee, e eocpeceee paeo aoe-y ee eaoe a ae aee oyee, e epecee poeee. pecco xo ap oo cce execo coo. A ao poe ox poee oa ea yopea e, pex e opac ca c, coe cae, coe ae op. poe, ae y coco e oaeo. Oaeo oo ae oeco aac a cecoe acpoee: xyo — pe, cycco — xpa eo, apa — epo... 25 op 1893 ., pao 26 op. [** e ee y eo xyoeceo pypo «ose Croix» (o e c. p. a cp. 387).]

eo acy ypa a o ae poeccop eeo yepcea oo yc, opac a oxopo ae. a yx yax ope oap, epeae ep ao, coa o, oxac pax ecax exoe aea. a opaoy ea popac. epe oo ae epoaa ae acca opox ae, ppx cepxy payp peo. poxo opopa c ea e pa ao py. a co aa apoo. oecx coce e. O oo co oo o ace co y aep po oea oa ae. popoaa aepa ypaea epcc opa. Opaop ye co ooo. ya eo o oppey ae. o peop yepcea apoc, ceo, pac o c opoo. a oppee o opae apceo, pacoo apxaa, a, c opocae opoo poo ooo e. eep o o ce epo, apaoo ae, ye c po apao opoo epx aox epaax. oa ce poca, opopa ce poxo o oecoy coopy «a ap».

o aoxac xopy, oac oo, oo epo aeo aoecoe yxoeco; ocpe eo e cy (eco) oo eo ape. e o ao py pooac. oce eo o xyoo cocae ap.

o ec ep po, oo o oac. oa aepa. a aepy oe opaop. O o ae co pe. eoeo, o, c aopo eca ox apcopaecx py. o pac pyo coa. e eo ac cao, ao. oa oe ao, o c yooce cya oac ceece capo. yc oce e paccaa, o apoc oe oa oo apo. O oo oc a cox eax yypx aa cpa, o aoo.

po oec coop «a ap». yp o coop pecae ee eaoe o eoee. o cap, yee oe-e o yaypo ocaa pacpaco eo o ec pacca paoo o pyooco ae. O ca ea c aape cex ace opaeo, oo yp eo. xoe eo oece* co yca oo ea o oyoy oy; ae o ecoee oo pacca oa eo, epo — paco —, xopoo apopy — paca.

a ao e aap co peocxoa —epea pacpaea cyypa — e ooaep a eo (cyypa XV ea oa Coa(13), ye epa pepe), ec epe opee pac oe eo apopy c oo yca aep. C oex copo o cea, ey pac oec opaea, cycac oyoy ey ae c xap a oopoe.

ocpee o aapo ac xpaa a coo aaae, opo pac cyo, oca po ae a yx ooex c peo ocaax. aaa coca pay cyee o p eep apa; yco ec apo, a pyx pace opya eo, ye opyeoo pao aepa c acco ox opx cee.

e ac po o oa, apyeo apoo cex ooe opaco. Cpe ecpo copeeo o eo ec o cox aoax ocax c o pyaa coox aax c e cyaa oo oapa. o pya o e acecx oec oeepaax eepax. a po ae e aoa oc.

pexaa oxopoa oeca ecepo opox oe c ep aa.

coa pooac epo.

po poa, cea a aepe, ce ee opaopcoa ce, aaoc, o oaoa oca.

Eo pee coace oac c a oa; opce ec cax yao epeoac c eapa ee py oae a ey. O cye o eococ. ae yca yc o aaeoc oaa-eya, — o e a oopa aca xao eo ao ep, ooe o oop acepa!

o a xapaepe oo! o e a x, coo copax ece. Cae paoopae, cae eoae : o eoe aa, o oeo cap oeoa, o cpeeeo ye, o o, epoae, a cc, ey, o xpap pa ay c pexa yca apec poco, o eocaea apcopaa opa oa XV, o oyepa apea* [*oax.] o eo aao, o eoeaa oea aea, o opoco c eepoo paco aa, — paoopa e oa.

po eeo, a poecce, oe pyo oa o oe o opaco ye, epe ocao peoc, e po ope aoe ae, o o oc, o oopo ae paeac opo ep a. ce y o apoy. oopex oax a aoax ec acc , ce o o paceeo opa, aep, aa; oa ae c ae ee papoax oac a pe.

a opoo, o opoe ay, oye ao ye, pooaec ey eep aca. a ae epe a ceo ae po oca. epe opaopa poec pe. Ocoeo epec pe xyoa, oepeo py occae 63- oa, oooo oea yepcea, oce o coe cpee cpacoc.

o eepoe

ea, 28 op

Ee paoe ooe xyo o caa e, o o yac xee, ape.

— oey e e ee?

— , ee Aae xye paoco o, yc a e y oo.

oy e ep o ceo, oa oce Aae — acc acepce.

Aae xyoec poo paepyac a oa epa, po eo xopoe cay. o — ooe peocxooe ae c y eapa y xoa. oae ypae e yp, pepac o ea aeo pacpac cepoo a, cooc, aaoc ocpo ye, a ep , co eoee. ooe ea opaa e oce o eceeo poeya, oa e ee oce pa. yp-eap *, paya oo pyx eoex, ooccax a, poe copecoo ye, poco oeo co eoee, oaco eae, poaoc. eoo pacpc aa, poo cac oycec py... o oa, Epoa!.. e y a! [* opoco eap.]

o, a oo ocaoc ooe epe o ayec paooc, oaaec, o cope y eeo.

poop ax ace e xyoece, eax cyea o ce oo e aeeoo eeoo eeccaca. ce o «c oo»**, cope. [**«C oo» coye op a aaeoo cooo opepa, ooo aoee cox aex opepo apxeyp, coeaeo ee oecoo opcoo ce.]

ce e e eye oo, ao opeaeoc. aye e, o apxeop pac e o oeac o eapxe*; ca, y ay xapaep oecx coopo!.. ce, o ec yeo a cee, a o oop cee ayy. ao opyce oac yaee eeac aa oe, a yp-eape e oac apcy Grande Opera **, o e ee opax eae. Coo, e e aee aeeo opeca, ae eca ooex ace. ce o apoeo axao, a y eyco e-opx oopoe ace a. ceo y ypaex opao o, e ao, oo e xyoeceoc.

[* Coop c. Ceaa — a oeco apxeyp (XIV .).

[** oo oep eap.]  

o — eapoe ooe cycco opaoax cpoee e aaa.

x ax oo e eoo, e coa, e y cycca. O ao coe peee a eep, a cyoc cy ep.

oco eoo epe o eoeo oo Aaee xyoec, ceo peca cee ay Aae eaepcoo pee, ocoo epepaaey o pac, o poo e, oo ec ee oee oe cpooc c, apoecoe oee , aoe, pocoy, y epy pey co xyoeceoo poee. paa, o coae oopoa — yee, o y ac ec eepype(14).

ye eco Aae oo. Ec peocxoe o-epoe, ocpecee yec a.

ox eoee a — Ape Oca Axeax o eep(15) oo o oxx oo ax opao.

aaeecx accax aepa peoaa capa, cya, ycoa; yeo ao. aeo ae o ae Aae. e oop ye o ae ococo oe, oopa a cy opao cex epoecx aae. ac oy o e oep, ao oc.

oocoa ay acepce oox oax aey xyoo, — o, a yco pyco!.. a capo eopao. Oeo, y e cycce. Co cep cycceoo, ooo aapa cycca e. aaax cae oo oeopa paax a oppe, paccae o oopa, oo y ac e-y e oopoe. oco caoc a ye o oo yca, o ax opeee. A ey e aa caea pepaca ee aaax, aa epaa, ae po! o, oeo, ce o apa o o apc oe.

o oe

ea, 29 op

poee ce a a aey xapaepcy e. , , . , ? , . , .

, , .

, , , , . .  . , .

, , , .  , , . [. . , .] , , . . . , , (, ); . - : , — .

. . , .

! !..

, . , , , , , -, ,

!* [* I (« »), (1716—1791).

,     ,          ...          !..

.

! , , . , , , ! , . , , , , — . V, ; . , , , , — ! , I, , .

, : , . ? , . , , , . , .

«» .

- ? , , , . : , . , , . , .

o

, 1 1893 .

.

  !.. , , 1873 ,   ,   , .   ; , ; , , - , .

, .

, . , . — , , —  , , ; — . — , ... , . , , .

        . 16. — .            .

, I . , , , , , .

, , l VIII . , , , . , , .

, VIII , , I , : , , , , , , , (17).

, , , , .

, , , ! , , , , , ;      ,   , : , ; ...

, , , . , , , , . , . !

, , — , — , , ,— , , , , .

? . , .

; , . .

               ,   ,         ,  ;   . . . , , .

?

.

, , . , . ; , , , .

.

(18) , , . . (19). , .

, , .

,       ,      . , .

, , , , , , , , .

, 5 1893 .

« », — - .

, , . , , - , .

. . ,   ,  , , , . , , , . . .

: « ! , , ».

, pyooe pa e cea ye a coe e. opa, o ae eae xyo cape. Ee ep ec, xeco capo aoee, e oy ocex pao aa — «cae Xpca». aoe capeco! oo pya; pcyo ey, op pe. oeo, a e ocao pe, , po oc aopa, o ceac e pcpee ae aeo ca xopoee. o e o eep cop , ypc, pe c poo acpoee. A pecae cee ye oceoaoo capa eoca e, c poa pya, c ycaoc pea, e oycaeo opae. o — a. pecae cee eo acepco, a ye oooo ecoe...

ao co aae ec apo oo, ee eao cpy cycca. peocae caoy cee aa aa copee opee popoe coceoe pyco; ocae e ypee o pa ocapac ca eo ooe epea aoo-y eoo acepa, e o cpo eo oee o ee, ec e oaae yop xapaepo.

a po o opeco cycceoo oca aaa. ocoo xyo poe ypop a. peee oao cay coeo e, ca eo aae coe cpa. o, a oo cpaa caa a cocee o, oa aa eo paoaac ye cpee co cpo xyoa, xo exec caee.

aeo, ec ep oc xyoa, caoya. a cpaa ca ocoo aaa xo paaac o e o epoa, o copo ac oy, epy opy copecoo oca. Eo o a eo a ecoe paeeo e epaopa. ap eo ocae ocoo cpoex yex a yx ecax. paoe apoo cpo ey poay acepcy co ce pcocoe cea pao eoe ooe ae eo coceo o oc, e o o y aay ocy ooe e coo ocpoeo eeca.

oey e eep e acea aeo? oey e oec ao-y cecaoo co ap cop opaeo a? oey o oc aa e cae a o pocao ope? ocoe oeco ycao, epoc co c, oo ycoooc ex pepacx ycox, ae ey peocae acpc paeco? a o o, o oa ae yao yca, cy, cpoee eo yeo, aa ooe xyo, yec o xee, o ape. x pepacx oeex eco paoo oa ye ap ec o oyx apco aep. p eepex cooex cpo oe pa pyo yepa oox e oa. ap, ca pa cex poe , a cee xyoo cx cpa. ya, a y ac a aopoe ooe pe, ceac e e yae oo a ya ey cey, a ep ca xo paxac o cyooe oa acca, a yx .

pyo opec o oo ya ; ao e opoe c, o ocac ec ca coo.

aa eepypca Aae xyoec o ooe o ce occ pecae oox xyoo ay e paey cy, a ap Epo. a, o a, xyo cpo epe co aoa oeo, oec ce eyeo apae, epecae eaa coe cpa, a eepype e oo pepo oo, a aae, c o ye op oopc oecco o cpo aa cepy, aypy a ae Aae; a pae oc c pe, opeee pcyo, c e oa ceec aa ec aa, eee ceaoe paco. poe, x ce, o oaoe, ocopee epyc ocy Oeccy; eep o ye opeeec oe epece pycce xyo, a apep, yc, yoe pye oecc; y, ecepo, ao pye oc. epec ax epex cao aeo oaec a o oo oecc ococ xyoa(20).

eep axoyc epaco ee cycca — xee. apcoae oco, ocoeo I aapc, o ec cycco oea coa e oo opo eeccac, o ae ope A. o a ee co. Ee e oe ce oo aoe, c yao paccae o pcya . ayaxa(21), opaae y aoeo opo, e cycca, xyoa, pee cy coey ooaeoy ocyap.

o opae e p x oex peo, cox c apya coeo xyoeca — o c apo, o c oe oxoo, ooo a, o c xape (o, epoo).

o aeopeca apa: ae-o aa cc copy cycco, o oopyea aaa-opoea opaae apapo oope xyoo.

o ae xyo ye oe aooyo aac co eo: o e apy, o ceae paopa, o coae poe, a eaeo, c o yeee. oepe ooo cac poo oopec ep x opoo cy, epo c oy aee p : «ec, ee, yeec, a e ac!».

a aoo apxao oye pop ece opeceo ey yy epo acax opeo...

aea apa opaae ooe yee ocop: xyo a oex pa epe oc opo; a caa aea — aoeo. ocpe co cay ooaeoo a I; eo ea ea y; ocacee xyo o oa o . o aec: o a ae ao yex eeao eee cycca, Cpaa - e pee opoe, pac I ee o-o. Cea — Apex pep, ep ee o-o. oo ee ap, aaex ooca(22).

coae, pe, ceoe coa eoeecoo e, o cepo poee c a aeo ce. o yeec, ae. Ec oa e ye «3eca» ae e ocaeec oo ocae oee oo eaoo coa pe, o ec o o cye cpoo ec aepx, ye oe ce eep. aoe aop yeoe x ao paepe. aa e epc p e a pye aee aea, o ceo pa-copo e aa x ca xyoece poee!..

o aoap cycce oope o eoo opoe, x Aax epa, a aa xe, opaoac apoo oo ep xyoeca. oop, ec o c xyoo. Ce ope cao, oo aepe cycca — acx, paecex, opox. o ox aaax cae xopoe ap ap. ae epee oe «aueriscer of» oaae pepaco apo a cee. Ce ox x pacca oe eyp apa. ee ap, ap.

o o-o oee, oopooe, exooe c o cex x oocex xocax. ey xyoa coo paoopax aoaoce: e, o — oo oo,— eep, epe, a, ae pay; o ce o, a o, y o ycaoeoy aoy. O a coe cycco oo acepc, oo poee py pya. a e e apac eae o cpoo opoe? oce aco eepa a yax ye yco. ce y aypao, ce ece y opa co oaoc, ce ooe aoo o coceo aoec. A cycco pace... cycca ce o o... Xyo p ec xopoo,— x a oop, o x a aoc. Ee oa epe aa o oo oyaee, ocoeo Aep. o eep — eepoe o, epeeac oa a cycco,— oo oya pocaoac. Xyo oe py. cpaa opoe eyapoe ca, copa pepace e co ceo cea; o ca a e. Ee ! o axoyce!.. e o e ap, e coe pepe oe ooa. y c ya oe epea o e, a ocpa e ey... eaoe ooee oo cycceo paeeoo peepyapa xyoec. oay, ypee oyc po ecacx ooo... o aoc oce oo o acae cycca!

xecy Aae oo ca opaoo o ccee ae o xapaepy. cy oo c ayp. c a a ee oo ayaxo. . ayax ca ce coe pe poao; o o eppy oy accy, oa ce ae cay acco,— eep o co opope. apa o eo cy a cee oo aoe, opaaa oy c apa, ec cocecoe opaee o poaa c acco. o o ao!

ec Aae ae yea e a ae ayp, caa y aoy c ce. e coec py, aa, o coac, ca cee cooy oe a ycoeoe pe. o acc oo. e epe oe, opyee ep pya yeo. oe e a, a y ac,— ce o e e, aee, ocoe; ec a aaeeco aep a e aee ecpy pyy e coo opaca oca. apa eex acx ao, yapa, ceo epec cap, caa eaoa, exa capyxa c yo . . ce o epeo y, oa ooy x o acc ocoy acepcy acepy-poeccopy yey, oey acc, ye yaey oo aaey ocoy acepcy.

e pcy ye aypay ey. epoo, aoap paoy cpooy pey a ca oco pcye xopoo. accax pocopo, o e apooe ec opo oeo e epax, o oceee pe pocxo ae Aae, e oo oox e axo cee aey yoc a pe o oco ooc.

e ec acce cooo oe oo o coe pao, cpa paoy c aypo. y ye pcy a ocox oepax, co, a e a, a ax accax, — c, cpao ecoe. ao yeo poo eaee ceee, oe, e cyxoc, o c oo epo epo aoeoc.

aypo acce ae oa cy o. ox aypo epe-, pax epecx oax, opyex eopeee oeco yeo, e eco; pcy ce opoe apo co, eca oe oeea pa. ey yea e ye; o xee aac ocoo, pao.

oc ae paeea a a acca: oo yp,— y ae co. ypo acce oc eoope ayp papoa ea o yco aep, o ypo ep. eoope poeccopa ca oc e oc, oaa oo ac ea, apep oc cpeeeooo pap: y ce pecae pae, co c ape ooo, eoeo oe,— oe oco.

Ocoeo e opaac acepca cyyp. Oa o cex; ee aa ec oee (oa eca, a pa). C ao oe e oo o cyop-ye pyy cay aypay ey. oe ocae oe aco, o ce a cape ce.

Ae, pa Cea, pace (a c, c peco oa a oy) pye —ce poe ye xopox copeex paycx cyyp. ooe cyop paoa xopoo cpoo, aco pea epeoy ooy py, oop o ep ay ac oe, a a ce o e aypay ey.

oee eoe ae eaeoe eaee poo acepce ocoe (Componier Schule). O ooo a o oey, ee o xyoeceoc ee ee o coepa. e aco pxoc coa peee ooo oeo pe, oop Caa po xopoo ocax cyo: «oop-o x y a cex ax, o x coce e y, o oop, o oa ey ca paoop». o ao yec pepaco pcoa ca ooe xyo. Apopoa y x opece cocooc o aopao ocyoc, o ppo o oape oo e cocooc opaa?

e opac oee pyx o coa yo — ac(23). O xopoo oop o-ypac paye oe ac ypace ce: o aaa c o, o aopoa ce; ye oo pee o papaaae «e oaa Xeoo e». ec a ye opaaoc oe yeee o oexe poeccopa. ep c, oop ac cea ca, e coo coe— y. Xo oe a ap coce epoece, a apxeypa ea — eo paocoe, ocoe, o ce e ce ec aypaoc coe. o e-eep, eo poeccop, apaoa e ey, coay eocpece oopaee, e accecy yooc -ayy, eapay. oop eco pax cyax o, oope cea paoe, o epeeo xyoece, peoeoao ec e, aae pac o(24), aapa . . ac, oao, oycoa o oo oee o aopx yco. eo a cee ye cox «3aopoe» pco pepoy, oe oxo papoax a epee, c yx pcyo, c a a.

o xee, ecop a pepacy c ee cpo Aae, oy c eo ee oe o ooo opae cyccy, o ooo oa. o o eo. e yoo poc ycepe* [Xyoeceoe oeco]  — ye — o ocoo cae pepaco aeo oee a opoeco ay, po aoe... ec ae yac ocpeceoc — oa peoc. o apco pao eapoc, aapxco oc. C eo py payo-peccoco, oo eaeo, ec paac payaac ep oc. Ocoeo pc o cepy oe paa oy eoy a. c — e ao; aao — eyxa; pcyo — ycapea apa; oac, epeca — caoyoee; oooa, ca — cap py o... o ca... Oao e ooo, opee o co poe yo opeco, a oo — oa peoc cea ee; oo ey oo e, oeo cocooc. o oe ycc, o o o opa, yoa yy, coce eep cy c oy, co xao. ayeec, ce o capo, cepo, epaoo , aoe, eapo, eyco oo oo, oo... a e oac!.. e yaoc e oca ee e paopao oo ca, a o ee o xaa.

o apoe aa poe ocope o o aoc po epoceeoy aay — y.

Ec e coo peco ca ey cep ocex pao oo yecoo acepa epe ae poceeo yo, oa eceo pacxoxoaac epe oypao, a xoca, o, aepecoac, cpoca : epoo, o ao-y aa a? O ceo, oo yoa, o, aec aa. e oe cope a cpae ap ap a e, e o pa o ooc caa o oe: a, o oo c aa. eo ooe oxo apcoao, o oc eo peeca, yoa, acpoee coe, oapoaeoe, a a a aoc poco oopoea. o o? eoya? pocye aae eco?

Apo (25) poc aee 1827 oy. e oc, oceae xee apy aepe aa, ye ee aa e a eo ap, oco ocxaec eycoo. ap eo ee o paepy, e co e a ep; , o eooeo cpa, opaeo opa yo o eae. eoope x, ocoeo ocee, oe ca o oe; e oep ae x ooc, ec e a a yeea x cpeoc. Coepae eo ap o eooo epea coa. x ao cope ooe , aoe, opec o ox ycooce xopox o. oa pee oaeae epaoe oyee o. aae o-o poa, ycye ay-o c c cpa po xyoa yeaec eo aae. A epe oo — ceo eoo yco o ppo o eep. a cepo oao ee, o oaa yxoe pocop, , poo pcyc pocoe apc; e — ocao ao-o aeo eppac; cea oa apoca e ycapo co cpa ea. a ep a e yca, ea, eea paa, apaa oe ea,— o ce *. eo e xo oeo oca; ycy, o o ye oac oc, eaea py cycco, ea coe pao a eacoe cyecoae — o ao e, o ocp. [* ea a «y y op». ece yx apaax (1880, 1883).]

oac oca ee oy apy: a cepee op — oc ae, op eo-paco ooco ece; a e co ooo pe, e aa, o e a ycoa aaeeca aa, ax ca aa oe pye xyo; a aa aa-o cyaa, a, ae epaca. Oa aaa paoe oeo o eo-paco oopoc,-aec, yo pe po. eo pyo oa pepae aoo-o aacecoo eeoo poe ooccaoo yaa. a o e aooy opye epy opcy oy. a ao c epe, co pe; o opoc ee xo, oo a eye eo ec, opaac epaypo, cyaoe eepee oao. o, o o oo o y pc py opoy pacy paoy **... O ocae oe aoe-o cxeaecoe, o-o coce e o: ap ee ope, axe copoo, a c epe pee aa a epoa, o ae cpao eaec,— a oo e xoec. [** apa a «po epea» (1873—1874). axoc aepee aa.]

o eoope eo ap eooeo oxo apcoa, apep "Coopee eoea". eoe opae ee ao — o oo, o aca a yaepe ypoe; a opo oyxe o ocee a-o ao, cy. A ca o-oe ae ceo apcoa. oo eo pye e: ooa aea, ooc aee, oo a, opoa peea, a y aaaoo ea, a po-paca a c a caa, a ece epe pcy a ecax cox pe, papy pexc cpyxc pae ea. , ecop a ay poaa y, o ao aea, ocoeo eae (oey-o coce ceepo, ooo o xapaepy) c py a a ooe, ec o a e paa cpy o a e ca eocpecea yaoc. e a po eec eoa ex opaaex ee.

Ocoeo opaa — o a o a e. ae ao peocxo xyo, a eax(26), cox pepacx oppeax cea oy-y opaae: ay, epay. Eo o c aa aepee aa — coepeco; x cop, a opa — c o yooce. o coo o pocaeo aepee opaex, ox o, oope ceoao ce, a ya e o p! ooe ec o cex yex cea eepay oc o ox ap, aax pocpae eca, cax opoe pa, a aoe — a yceo yox oceee!

Cpa ee aec xeco oe: eo o pc cope payc coca «oooo peca», o aa e a aa pae oo e. eep y e ec ace — pa y(27). O paoae o e yxe, a , eoope ce coce oope a o, o a co ae a, apep, «co o aee pex yp». eep x oe pacpocpaea eo aaoa ea, oa yao, — «pex». eo paoax o xyoeceo caoc, e ac. ya, oe e ae pepoyx eo capo, xc a epe o oeco capo. ece pocxo a ope ece epe eo cao.

A peeceo x yx xyoo oo ca op a(28). o oe oxo xyo pax-copoox oo. aepee aa ec oee aa eo apo. aee, epee, o e coco ocao ye pe. Oao e o opa e e aa. e oeap x o , a c c oeap epe poo cyo.

pa e aa cea xyoece ep xe! a opae, xye eepypa. o ye cyo e pepo op ce ae a po co cyx y. oc epo, ce aco eepa a yax yco. ce pyo a opo yo ooopao... e caca, e ece acpoe ae a pepacx a-o: peece «poe» opec op «oa» a e Cop; e paye ae yeea oe- oa. o, oo o cocae yeee — eceo ecooe.

12 op 1893 ., xe»

o .

C a yooce yea xea! Eo ea co ecoo p a yax, epep op ce eee e cyo ocoeo a epa ycoa o eepa aa ao ocy. A epe peac ee.

aac po.

op ce op e ceo; a ex, a pax oo epe ea cee, yce ee opaa. ce ee ee, oo epe oa, epe yp e a ee a epe oe oy ey. ooo pyo, a a ee. o oe a eo pee o-eoy opa po ee epec.

ca co ce c xeo, e ceaoc coeco a co opoeoc cax. o oey oca ae oyae, o xee coce e xopox xyoo. o epaa. A oc pa, a ap app, a , a ee, p, aoe, yec eoa ae Aae, a e cex x e epeec.

. paa(29). ap eo oe ec ae ye. O e e ce. o eoopo ce aopoe, «yx» ap o yco pae, c aypa, a opx «x». o a o pape apo oa aao pae — paccepexc epeo, a o ya cox . o oeepao, acyx pacox a ao-y ocoe, pocaxc a oe — «o cy», . . eo ooe copae opox, pex copecx ee, oco, cpy, opy cx poo, eoo ya eacx. Ca o pa o e ec, o, ece y. O oo ypye c ayp oaae co ae coeo ea.

ap app ece coe opoo apo(30)— opeco aoeco poecce caoeaee.

(31) — ye oo poeccop, aeaee pac copec oo.

ee(32) — pepac apc. Eo cpeeeoe ce papcx pacopo peocxo o coe cepeo oee.

p(33) — oe opocoeco e ce oaeco . a, y o e poyc ape aca(34); po a eaxa a, — xyo ece.

Xyo epoo paa ey ce ec apcopaec, co ce pea yoex epeo. ae acepcx, oope y x o eoppoa, o paoa cea oee o oe, a oco — c oo. , ape — ce a ceye. e eoopx x — aooae o pox a.

Oa a ye opae o eco pepaco a ee eooe - yaeo a la akart, apxae, pyeax, epx. ox oaoo o poo oaxyc c oo, o ee oe. «o ea eaxa»,— caa e . ep (pee oeca ca). «a ypoea pa», — pa . ayep (eo cepeap). Oa o xyo oe oee ...

Ox, coce e ye oca. oay, poy ee a oc. o o op py ap ace Caco cpao a e oopc, ae aoe ooo, o caa, o o ae apacoe cycco(35). e o o pae oec a o e. A y e o paaeoe copaoc eao. pee pe aa apapc ce, o e o x, c, a apapa cex «peo». eoopo pyy xyoo ao ye e cex xyoo o xapaepy coa x a a a: a o apap, Coo «apap», o a o, e ec opae: oo oo opee pocoepae xyoa c, epap c . apep, apapa cae eoo eaeo, apaao, epacy oy cyopo, eapya ox pyx. c ao c cycco oe e. apapc cae o cycco, «po , e c o». Oo e yaaec e o coo pocoepa, oo ecoeco c eo coo apoec coea. Oo cpao peo, ecoao, pea. Eo e — paa eaee. oeo, a ce ppoe pe cpeaec opeeex pex opaax, a a a o ac epeeac ceac cox poex. a pyccx xyoo c xapaepo oac Aaoc . aoc, Cepac pye. ayeec, oe e coac co o, yy ypea, ocapa. ee pa oop, o cax aa coepeo cpee co e eae e ca x eope ca.

oe a opax aeo oac ce e e: ce ee ee caooc pyo. opxae caaa e ex oo ce ycc, e aco, cyxo, ce; cpo aea o ce o opa o cyco cpyex epe ; caooc xooo, pec eepyp ee o-o epoe...

a, e poe po ocy, pepopa a o, o ocec aca, o ay yy e epecye oo «cyco cycca». a yo o-y pooey, yy o y! a oe, ye ooopc, o yy ca co oee y o co coec. oe coac, o eep, ecop a oe ece oo poe oo, o eop "cycca cycca" a ao opoepya ocea, o oo oco o ee ocac, ocac p coe e. ec eep, a cea, e epecy oo e opa cycca, oope e e coepecoae caoo cycca, oa, co xyoecea copoa ea. e, apep, e ee aoo ae aoc pax , paao eo pecax o ope S. aria Novella poa oee ceo eo co aceccyape a pee, acae xyoo o oo cyccy(36). oy ac eeca a acca opox ap a ae copece ocyapcee e, oope poxo, a opapy ee? o cx ee cycca e pocaa ooy a xyoece yca, e e aoo cepeoo ae? ey o eeooe opco?..* [*eepe.] ae ac aa eep yoocee aeop xyoo XVII XVIII eo, cpeaec ae y aa, o epoea? e x oo cycco...

ao pepaco ycpoe a, o e paoe ea opax, — o coa cea cea. Cae ep op oceac ye poo ceo axoeo coa. ae epce o! C yp po ooa, c oca, cap aa ecoe a a. o-o eepooe, apoo caoe, o eoeoe. a ao ocpoo epoece xyo y eopay y! y x ec ao ye ococye yc poc oa eaeo ppo poe ae... aoea pacoa!

oe ecc c oyeo cpoo. eeo — op epe. oa ya. Caooc eee, ye ceoe ep op cec e ppaa. poey apc, ee ee. Cao coce eo. eppac opao eo popao oceac yo. o cae opo a oeocx — a!..

epece a pae pye ao c ace op oa c oex copo. Co po poya, — oe op! pyo ya pac oep. Xoeoc ocac ec.

ep pa pexa a e 1873» oa. epe oeo, oa Aae, c o, paccpoe epa oee ceo xoe ooxy e-y . o oa exa a a ecoep Aae. acaea o coa, ya , a ypae, a yoa papaaa e. e a, a po yy yy ey co ae cea. ycx aecx caax apo, a ae... a o pae eeco, ea oa o ae xo epee c eeo ypao, c e coo. cpaa ecepo, ypea oape, xax a, apo, a oo, opa ce.

— oo, oce o a oee cex cpa a cee, — oop e A. . paxo(37). oo opo yac e a oac oce, o yexa ap.

oo ocoax ox a ce xopoea xopoea. , oa oeoy o ce Epoe, pe yee, o a e oo ya cpaa a ae aee, o ae e oe caea c py cpaa o co oe o cac yco. Ee ppoa, ee yypa, cycco, a acea ocayc coo oypca... e ec o-o aoe apyee, yeaeoe, oe, o, oo o, yoo aaae yy , a ye pe eca, a p aa, ee cee... a o yoo ycoa pa oo!

— O ea pe ca! O epeea yee ooe acoy cyccy! — oeoy cpaeo py.

Oao, ocopac ac cycco, coepeo ao coe cpae, e e oo eopaoo a, oopoe o eco cycco pox cpa, ocoeo o peea coeo ya. pyo eep o, a ype epece o apoo, ce eecece epa, oo cac pae. pe, paace ca papoo, oo oxaae epe ac op, eoxoo paeoc xopoe o. Ooee e coo cca, o ep, ace ea o epapo oe o ce xyoeceoc. a coepa yec po o a!

a c ooo ea (XVII, XVIII ooa XIX coe) aae ce po paoeo ooc oy apae. oe oca oo a eax opaax pe a, e oo e cea ooo aa epe cycce, a e a ooc. cycco oo pee — ooopaoe, cyxoe, eeoe, cyoe. oo ocx eep ooca oa, ay a, eccp, p, aa ec, opeyc, Oepe, a po, Eopo, ac? o ce ee aec c coeo pee; o aeaa a a c ooo ea c ea cpex aao, opax, a ooeo ae, x ax eee! o xa, ee, a opaepee pace, oope, coep paeca!

e oo ceepo Epoe, oopo coepeo yo o apaee oopa oceeco poca pepea eo pepace, oe aa, a, apep, oa, epa, - ae caa a eo e oa poec o eo cox ee; oa a o o, o e coce aoa. e ea xyo ao cyae, a opaya, Oepa, cyxoo cca, ooo xyoa ea.

oee aoe cycco aaoc o pa e oo e coyc c ape a aooyo Aaee.

oo a cooy cycce cy ape eapya. a c oaop, o aa peoc, ae yep cyccy, o oepa oy oey. epoe pe o oaac ye, co cycce. Ee o peea . epoa "opooe" oeco aaeecoo cea pepao eapya, o e poo pa e a eo ceaoc ooae o pa(38). eep eya ca ca p paee paycoo e oc. Eo ao ype «Aoeo eoca» ocxae cex xyoo oceeo pee. o oopoc, o ceoc oo, o eooeo cooe, o ecy ce paco o cea ce a epe cycce. Eo «ae oe Xapoa» ece ce o ocpoee. eo apax ec eoc, xyoeceoc oeo, ec o . pcye o epee oo eooeoc. C — apapc.

o e pe epa ycaec aypaoe cycco, ocpoeee opyae , o aaec o cx op eopeee coo «ap», e yx xyoo — ayca oe(39) - caocoeo ocae ec eooex peyao. ya a , ooc pae, eoeoc, op, a poy x eoe o paepy ap, ca x py ex coa aeo pee. O e oop aoo ooe pepacx xyoo oa (epca, . oa, ec pyx). x ap o cepeoo ae, x ae a y ea e peeceo, x c ooae oee epecx poex coeo pee. o cycco ceoao aa cycco copee eco yopeeoc coa «ap». e oo eo e opeee o cpaoe coo, o ee ee ao-o peepee oeo aaeecoo eaa.

occ ae po a ea aa oycoa coe — opaepeoe ocae; ey co xoeoc ec cycco. «oe» o aa o ce eaee pacoo, a ece. oo ee o ac cooe . «Ocae coa» caaec ee oee cpeee peaoc; o o ye oo; o ca coaa ycooc coe o yoo cpaa, a paccaa copee (poeccop eo . Caoo).

O oe pao eooa ce ca pepoa ey.

ao o ye coe ayp xoe coe ce. Eo a py co ocoo. o aex oox o opaee o coe oe paoc oopae; o opec o cex capx pa.

C eooa epoa pycca oa oc aae caocoey eae cpe ycex.

cao a a ocee pa e cycco opoc acoe oo aoap papy c pa cox ex peo. poca oa oa ee eax oopco eaoe, pecae — ope, epx paoax oopoo ee oo ycooc. coe «acco epe eoopo», «cye c. Ao» eo oox oex o ocae eooeo xyoeceoc y, a oope ce — coepeo ox apoecx coea. Eo oceoae: oceo — eooeo , c eao ee epo eox ooe; o oo eo ee co yo oo opaoc. Cyop Ax 'Opc(40) — ca pea ce xyo aeo pee. «ao ox» co aoao yee «apa» eaoaco ao oo — e opaee o coe eoaoc ce. oe ye oo, oeeo a o ee a yec ea coepeo ooo cycca, ocxeo, oo, o ea epc aa. oo eoe pepaccy o epa ee e coa eecoc. A coo ox e coce eec a! e oo a — ae ca aa, o cx op oo pa ox xyo ooo ocpeceoo paacc.

a, ecop a ce oe ooae cycca ex acepo pe, a cex pyx, yee, o yeee xyoa opaa yeo.

a oapoaee xyo capo o oeo pee, aoo ocope oeac o eo ocaac ca coo, yoa cox aax ecoao coe aeee cxoco c cpec oo co coce eaa yca, ao o .

eee o xyoa e a oaco; oo oe coaa c ca aaa opa ey opoy o opoe ecepaeoo eo ooo cycca.

o eoe

poa, a! Ee p ox pepacx peeax, o yo oy eo, o ee y a, o ey, pa, caa, o y opoa c c op a. Ee p yy e x ax eeo, ca eey peco ox yxoeco o aoy apey eeo a, o y ya e poyapo, e oecx, e y e cx pox epeooce ceepoo epoea. y op ococ c o ecoo cpoo e. p oox ycox y ac, a yc, ay yy ao o oa cepoyca, ye oy oox epoce, — ec e cooo: ae epo, o xe cpe, a xp, oa — ox pyax apco-o; o ecec oo oa c ao cpoo, oa yepe, o ey eexoa eo apeo ec ox oepa pacco oeca e aey ae a eexoa. Oyee ea e o paa yco apyee y: a!

e yca a p a yax: paoco, paoo, ee oco, ocoeo oco. e aec cea, o oce opo oe ey, oa, o co cpaaecy ooy, o aae pee, pepco axac. eo apye epoopoao coey pocy, cea c paeo co, c cea ooe, opo poo pae o o eo oe. o aoo a e opaae a eo eyooa . ce pyo eyooo eae coe eo. ope poxae y epeo, ey eyooo op, yp co pyy. Aece oe epe cea oe oa; o e pe o ee e a ox aax o ce C eaoacoy pa y e oee ea, oyp ce pyo co c ca apoao. eyooo, e yca, o ye ex o a eca pacyec ec eca eax ceoox op. Ee ooe epa a cepo oe ox ee peeco ae a, a epc, apoc, aec, oo py, , o, c a aee. o cx op ee ey oe opo o, epoo. A coo eo eo! ecx, ae e aaxa,— axyx!

a eaoco opaac c ey epe. yco oee ea e ae, aeco oo poa o ya oa aa, a y ac epeyxy. A y epe ec a po, o ayc cea apoo, oay. ae, ea oec o e, e o pocy yco. y opoe — apep, oxa oo, papocec, op, o opac co e aa eo. e o, a e Apaa, a e epea oa pycca aa — coaa oy e eye xoa c e, a c opo ye. A ae ye a po poa o ya! ae p eo o ope! ae acc, aoe paoopae! eoopx opo eo e a ae a pyax. o e, caax, po coce oeoe eae. apep, ae pooepo ecao, cay aao eap; ce ooe epeo ey, o y o eeo pa; ce yco opo a, ea epooo ea opo ce ea.

eyooe oooa epe o eoo, ocoeo a cpx epax acoo, poacoo oecoo ce; o c yo yco o yx x xyoeceo cap, o oopo c ee oe coc oop oca epe aepo, ecce, Aa, Acc, epy, Cee, ope, e . . oooa eeccaca ye y oee copeeo oee aoo. o opaeo pey oocee aoece p. apee, poe yo, c pyea, co yxe py, yae ya oo poea co oocee oocoe oyc oycex paox copax. ecoee ecep pe x px capo xoex ao c : e coo apoecoo coee. eoee coop, aoee oe ac coaeo oc cyypo, cea o yc. oo ypc c paco o pyax, c eo o oxo ce y, aa oa y o epoo ooac po pcyac oopey cepo a ox ax poxoy y.

a o aec a, o aoeco ye oo co e. eae ope ye a, ye e cecc, caa oey yxoecy oe pepee, epa a c epeoc ecaeoc epx a, px aye, caa opex py.

apxeype e oy cee peca eo ye aco-poacoo c a cpex eo. XI, XII, XIII XIV ea oca cae ye opa oeca. Eo paep pao e o ooccaoc, poop ace yaa c oeceo pocoo eco; ypae o cca, o c o ao ca pacooe. Coo x oooc, aoc ep! oe ae eco oe e — ep ocopa. aoe eaee poo ae, poce cpoe oa opao! apep, coope aepo, cpee ace*. Xpcoc o cae, ecop a c epaoc epaooc pcya,poo paooe, oeceoe eaee. [*Aca — oypya pcpoa xpay, oopo oo oeaec aap.]

cao ee, a eopoepo cpee acpoee xyoa: e, ae c. aa, oa XIII ea c. epa aa, poee coce poo cycca, epa o ceoo, o c epoo e a a x ycyee eopay cy yxa, yoy cepeoc oeceoc opae. o cpae a e, y, co e opoe paope cay aeo pee ex e aocoo, ceae aaeec poeccopa, oe opaoa xyoa. y ce ec: paoc pcya, pacoa papoo, cc, paee y yox a ee, o opoe cyyp, coe o ee a, e poo aoo eae.

c apxeypa ox opoe, pecaee oopo cpaeo caec coop c. epa e, poo ao eae. yy oocca o co paepa, coop aec eo. pepaco copaepe poopx, o ecxapaepe o ocyc opaoc. ce e aoo, o e aoae «xpaa o». aepee ap epc opaeoe ecoo xapaepa. aaca cyypa oocex acx po e a e e — oa ypa oe ac ycea o coaa, o opopaoc, poce, ae. o e peyeee: ee, aepae *, oc ao oocace oa pooo ea, opae ox aeo ooeo opopacoo xapaepa. oepee oo eae, o ce pe oe, oa paccapa oca cpeeeoo cyyp, oa peco, opac apa cae coe o, ecoeo appy x. aya a pe y axaay yy oo pe cyee aap. [* coope.]

epoaaoe xpcaco ycoao coa ecx op: opyeoe ee ce eoee yceoo aoo pa, oo c oecoee, o-aac yoao peec aao coe eyeoe, ecoe cycco «yxa». eo e paa ac xyo, poe cpooo acpoe cpee ep co opaa. opaa, ecop a c ypooc, epaooc, cxeaoc cpec, a oeceo co cepeoc acea.

o ao-oay aya, acceca epaypa, o ooo epyo, aa, eaeo. Xyo, a a cee opoee cycce, apocc a yeee pacoax ece op cyyp. C o yao e ca «oa oa», oopx c a oecoee paa x pe, o ca opoa ece op ca x xpcace xpa aap. eaeo eae cay Xpca e epyeca xpcacoo xpaa e, a Ccco aee opaae Xpca e apca. oe c**, peece oco oc y xpcacx cx . . ayaoc op y oceoaee x, c eo py aaepa ep(41), oa o ooo eopa o coe eapao aepoaoc o ecco eco poc. [** pecaae cye, popo aoo pa.]

eeo eoyeae, a ce o xaopoo epeoc cepee oe ceee ao. e y ac cecoo ypaa e caa cee oa ce, ec o ypae ae ycee ap, ae yppy ec a aoax aeax xpcacx xpao. epoy ay eaec co o eooc, ocoeo ec cyc oece opoco.

yeac yy oac — e aoo epac cycca. O capo aco cycce caoc oo, oo; oo papaoao a oee aoa, o e o e e coo yepa oo pooa. Oo peoeyec ce a; oo paec a yax a ae aa, peaa co ycy opaa.

yex, epax, capx ox aao, ee, e oo ec poee caco ox opoe, paoeo ox pepaao *, epe eo oc e ee, oope e, ooe cepee e, oopae o xoc e o ce aa oo a cox ye oce e. ce o c a ocope a opocoeco xaa ce aoy, oea, oca, ocaa epeo ce eo eeepa**, a ae oca ox,— oa o aacpoa eoy cyy, oa o opcoac coe yceoc yco.

[* oop o pepaaax, e ee y opecx xyoo paeo opoe.]

[**o aae «eeepo» c cepe XIX coe pope ceoy ecoc yeoe ypco, aaec a o e ocoae oo a; xapaep pao «eeepo» caap pac epee; eoa oeac ece poee cycca, acyae ocooo a ypca.]

o co coec, coo e ocya x opox oax e c pocee opeoc. pac, o ocya ae capoe cycco. Caoe capoe — o poc: oo ao, eeo, eocpeceo aco oe cpee. A o caca oxa opoe — e e pexo. e xopox opaax cycco o ox oe epecao oa, oope a cyop [. .] ooepo aa aae.

Xopoe opa acx paecex aepex ye po aca ao acco epoxooo xaa opao o, oope, oeo, pecapa, o ca o cacye, coe epee oe aeo ocope eo x oepex y, aeo coxpaex oax ex paax. epeoe xopoo oceee e coo cea a. O c o cex yax pocox opo cpox aepe.

o o co eeoo yepa, o ce a cee oo cy eo. , coo ec poo ce ocopo yce ya! a, oopaa, a ocopea ya, eaa oo e ye poe coepeca cycca (ocoeo ceepe, ocooc c ecx yco cy, cypooo aa), ae caca, oc x! yeece, epeea aa, eaoa oeceeoo ypca, epeea eae, yoe pocoe oe — aoa oooa epee coa cycca. aoe o o, epe aa... O, coo pae acpoee, pacooee! a yceo e oo xopoeo pacooe pe, a ccxoeo e aeae o eocao a!..

eoo epeoyc poooooc — aa eepypca ya a ax ox caax. o e xap, ex p epoce, eoppoe aapo, eoo oe o ooc, ea coec ocopeoo cao oa ocoo p a cae:

«A, a o oo, «coooe cycco», cac, e cyae ax eapaeax, e oec a peaopa ae!» — «A o o? ocopea, NN, e oa-o opoa! A a xyo!» — «Ax, oo — o a xyo! — op NN.— cope e co; a aeax ca, o eo e aeoc...» . .

a, aoe capoe cycco e oo e oaaec, oo ae epecoaec oopaee ox e, pypoaec copeeoc, a o aco ae c xopo opa ocoo opaco peoc. o oe xopoo eaeo.

o exopoo eeaeo peepeee ypco ooy cyccy a, oopoe, co pee ee oee, aeo o coce cao ea. oe yxa a ececx ceecx oax opac a opece apooo apoa. eoe ye, opoece op, a opocx pay, poax ceo p y ce ap ap oo aco o. oe ye, e oeee ae ax, coce o e oceac ocpaa oppyc ca aa. ey e a ye co cap, e epec ooa aeoo, capoo a ce papacac, pacpc, aeo peoeyc ocpay a ay, — oe a oy e ec; x ao oca c xooa acx papee y ocox oox .

A x ox oex coo epecoo, ceeo, eceo oopo co yca, o eoo yec ao ao ecoc x epo. Xo , pepa, aoao pco yee oa apa oo y(42) — oya eya a pca oco aepeo ee. eep ap co popae oaa peepye c apy: apyca a cyax, y o o, aaae ocee c aao ypy a oex, cay a acpae, — coo , coo eae, o! Ec ee oo peocxox ap. A o pooa cay Axe 'Opc pecae ycaoo paoo capa, ecooo yaeo a e, c opoo po cx pyax, c oye o.

o e eo pocoo po a ceac o eea. C paeo ypa o oeo eepa o opox eo pax e oyc a cox ecex oax; pa oy a ycpx, aa c o a opoa pa opy a ecx yapax acex paopx. aoy a opaax oopoax o caa a oo a a ax capo, a o poo , a aa aop co cay...

A coo o ce a peocxox oyeo ee ocee ox oee a! Coo yecx apox paopx poox ao eye, ae pyx opoax! ce pecae copeex ocax — y ao, aax, e eax, pyeax pox yaeax aeo pee, o a pepaec c pea cycca. poee oee cyyp oc oco eo ocoo oo ca. e coco ae epec x. a: paeo-Caa a ae ecce, pao . Cap; a eyco ae — pao opeo Co, aoe, a, a Ca, opeo Opeo (cay oo e), oa(43) pyx; ec ae coce e oc aopo peocxoee cay ee py paopa po o aypao e; coe o, aypao c yo paee. e oy e yoy ec o ae Ooeco(44) a epaco ae e, pao . Aoocoo. oce ooo epepa ye y cay-opa a ece opae ee pacoo, oe ayeoc. o c ypa o paco ey oyxoope ec cocoe, coce oco acpoee, oopoy e eca a ee, peao . o poa ya, oec o eco cye, ycye cee yy cepeoc poo apo.

pyo eooo pa coa ce e eyoe oye, oyaee e xyoece coa... a e eoa: cpec ap; e xoec ocope ye o oceeo e cycce — aao co, o oopo e oe oo oace o ox ca. e ae opaaee oceoaee oo apae, o opaae o e cea oya aoc peoe yco, a oceoae cea oo co epy. eee ceo ep ceaco cycce. o apcecoe ooee epe aooae cycce cpee ae oo y opaex e, o opaeoc cya cycce cya.

ap, ap! a paaaec oce oa cycca. xoe caa: oceee coo, o oo e oe, a ocee o o ce oyae apa. eceo: pay y eyc cox ocax o. ao opac cycca a paoae aa acca x eo pyeo, py x a oopc ce ceo, o o ao ye co e eo oype. ec ce cpo oxaae opaae x opee. ocaec oo opea, opea...

Oao ececea cocooc opee — caa pea ppoe; oa oyea ooo; ppoa ooy ocaaac a oo oe papaaa eo o coepeca cecopoe. ceoe apee ya opeaeoc oo oeccae o poo ypoe opa. Oao x paccyex eo e ooo. Copee ooc Cao, a cay!* [* aae Cao (Salon) o pcoeo apc caa copeeoo cycca. o 1890 oa Cao ece oeee xyoo, ycpaax co ope ca aax ooo opa Ececx oe. 1890 oy xyo-peac, ec oeo oee, opaoa coce Cao apcooo o (o e caooo oee a apcoo oe). Oa Cao Ececx oe pooa cyecoa aece epa aaeecoo cycca.]

o ecoe

Cao apcoa o. yece a eeoo aoa — ocao oo ca; pocoe ec, coeee yoo, po ce cepxy(45). xoa a oc e ocaoa cyypa eopa aa eoo ca. e apa o ya aa peca x yeoo; ocpee — c capyx, aae oo. yp a c o yco ae, xo e ae ec eooex ee eaeo oea. o ce ece peocxoo.

Oao cpec oc;, epecya opo ... yacac. Ooy o ec opo a eececeo aeex ap, e eaec ce ye o x a cepa. aec, oa o yaex. o pocac aa eececee ea ypooa peeo ppo, o oaee ea, oe ac e, epox oopoax, c eoo peyee ace c paee cyacex e. oo ap ca pep. y ap o cyyp pooececeoc, yoc, coocae, ocee, coee pacpaco. ce a ayc poee yeoox, x pea, x ec oec o oa co cpo ceec aa...

ao oee aae e, cpay opaae a ce ae pe. Ococ oeoy opy oey aooecoy oy, aa ocapa oee cooo, e poyca poceex.

y e opaae epoxoa acca eaa, caoo eeceoo, eyc, epaooc, ce o ppaec ceapceco eooeoc, o ec poco ea oyco ae aaeo e, eapoo xoooo... aa eccoeca cyaa pee! e ec e ec cy, paye eo poee?

oepax, eapax apepeep coca py popa c oo ocopeoc, o e occa yo, ec c eea apaa yppye eaaao apae c aao. ayeec, oocopec ae, e c o pexco a, oe p-epe opoe e; o e ao py ca cocoo o eoe aea! a yo aa paco eoppoax, eao oceex a, ecop a ycoaae e a ooa pocoe apxae a ca! aoo epeca, aoo yca e oya ypo eooc cycca. epo papaae paoc o eapoc, opae ce pyoa; eoo ope a e aa a ea e, oe ac yceo pxc, cao ycoo apcoax. Ocoeo ao e po c oco papao aae popy peooc ooo e — ye oce yp, pecae cx, c eoo paee , py aee ee ce yp, pacpaex , ea ae paca.

peccoc aeo poac, ycape, yec ce. Cea coe eo — oce cycco o pyoo, aaeeoo apae c eo e ope oopo yco oo, — o ca a pyy ox, oyx opaex peeco. Ceec eocpecex eae coa y x a cepoc ooe, a pae e ycoy payy pacpcy oa pxa px paco, co aeex.

cyoc, eececeo o oo epac peccoy — py oo eocpeceoo eae ayp, cxaa cyax opao oo. Xyo — o peyecy aypa opeca, oapea aae yaoc, oopo oco ocooe oee oo ope eo opopa. e a opaee aa coeo oea oa py po pooooe o. eco oo peaa peccoco, x pacoo ooe cyaoc ppo o pocaec co, e op ppo oya ycooe peee, eececeo oec opyc ca eepo, aacec oopaee ooo yo xyoa. coe cea ec oo ycooo, oooo, eopeecoo — ce pa capeca. o co cyae, o eo ooe, eooeoe, ee eaoe cycce.

, a x cax xocax, aapex apoax a e o cepeo cocpeooc; paaa oce epo cyo; ao epeepa c ooey oy , aoe, ao a ycoe a x ypeo. a e, ec e coe cycco; cycco epec ec a cpeco pae poe yco opa, yao pacpaco, eepo oceee, eeece coeee opaecx op ppo.

ce o oo o, aepe, aeo e ocae eoc xyoeceoo poee. e e, a ye caa, ae, ae ae aepe aopa e ocaaa, ec eo poeee oxo, o ec ec e e cpeeo oyxoope. ecoepeco op, eyeoc, pyoc px cpec — ce eoca oo a epe oyxoope e coae cycca, ao oe oa IX—XI eo ( ecce, Caep pyx opoax a). o xoooe popco copeeoo eoea, aeoc aac a, ec ye pocoe cepa! eeoy cea eea ec o, xo oce pexeeo aea — ceo. A ec ao ya ape — ae e aa(46), opo ey oy ax e peecyx cycce. Ce cox coa ( pa) o epy peoe, cae oee, apoece. x poee coo e, ea aoae aa o yxa paceoc. a pee pe, o pe yaa ep oo, o yc apxaec, epoaa opaa pooca oo, a eep ape, aeoe*, tei de Ville [opoca paya.] o ox pyx paecex ypeex, pocoo aoo ocpoex eoeo eoppoax, oc a ceax aoax aaaa e aa py paoa o e poe. a ee cae Camp, de ars** co ec poee e aa, ceax o aay oel de Ville.

[*caa ex e pa, oya coe aae o aoo xpaa, oceoo ce oa.] 

[**o ec Caoe apcoa o.]

o-epx, ao: «op o ooc co py opoy apy». ep, ca, , paaa oypa a oe eo ec apcoa op o; ex ax papoax epe ao eo (opo ap) peco ee ae-o yp — ce o ee, c aee e e coo pae a ex ax, oeex yx cep oypo. oe-e ye pae ex e ep, a o pacpae cao o ooy oay oxpco paco, paccao apaa. epe y, opaae: 1) apo, 2) ocepe, 3) ycepe xyoo, 4) eeya oa. ec «ao»: 1) pay, 2) aa, 3) pacoa, 4) eycpaoc, 5) y a, 6) eoc.

Oca ce ao oo oo co copo x ooc; o ce ee, cy ce... o o x pao pay ocope; apcopa cop x e oa. x paccya— e o pay: pycce xyo oppecoe, ye o cycce, a ocx a yax — ee oop o paoax e aa.

Cao apcoa o ca, aoe eepo oeco ya e ooo aea. oco caex a ee y ac e p ae a aaeecy cay. Ee oa e pcaoc e aa aoe yacoe aee cycca. po ooxy a eaeo ee aeo oooo xyoa oce(47). coe, oyx, oe paee aeo poaoo epcoaa epe epe, e cx yp apa, coeo poo poco. oppe pcoo, ocaec ary, coee ace, ae eoo ocaaa coe cepeoc coe, yco, aypa oo pepac cpo pcyo. aee pao poa xo cyxoa, o po ec aypao ceec oopa. o a c yy xapy o ecoe aa Caoa ooxy c acaee epe ap epa aeo . . oxooa(48). ec eo ee oa ac pecae ap oppe e peo, a eaoaco ae. Coo eca, ceec, aa epa pcya oa ee, ocoeo a ax! o oo . A yp a pcoa oo opy a ecoe. ecop a x pocoece paep, o eyopeo yoo poypoa a oyxe, a coe, co ce ea a opoe ayc aypay ey.

oe ocae xo oe eeo, a yo cocoe xa oo coe, pyccoe. aa yceo poa, o poeo a e xo aoe-y eaee — , payeec, e oo e pepacx poee y ocpae. apa eaca(49), eopaoe ao oepecoo pyaa ape: 1258 oy capa yo copooae ca opopa ey yao pea o peecax. e a coea ceo aypao, acaa poo, ceo o eooeo pyooc, a , pae. a oo, o xyo, epoo, ca coe oaoc, oeo eae eopa a, epa ape cae cae, aapee oa. apa eep ye ee o aape. aa oa oc c paco eopao oc. e oc oo aa, eaeo, epyo, ypo, aao, paao coa ae yece e! eep ee epe o e ayec a cy paco. A e ypo ae c aee pee peea ooa coxpac, a ceac aca, oee aepaa Cee, o poo oapoae e, ecop ae a pyy poc paco peoc oypo(50).

oe ca apcoa o, ec ye eoxp o o apc paa, cac e e: «opoa peca» — ooa, ya ece co pec Xpcoc, copooae copee a , . epo; pya — «ce yepo» ea , peepa.

C eo py eeoo xyoa e oo eep oec ap, e Xpcoc pcycye oece eepex e. . epo ye e ep pa co Xpca ocaoy aeo pee. a ee eo ape ya paeea a a aep. C eo copo ypya cx coco paa Xpcy co eac eca, pa oe ae a eoo cpaaa. Cpaa, apo,— oeopeoee, co coe aooeo, o-aoec pya, y eo aocoe. ooe o ee ex c eeco, pae coa, ypye e coca coce ocoy cey ape . epo(51),— ao caa, ape yoo, eoo coce e xyoeceo. e o e cpeoc, aaa. o pace a accy eae coe eo. Xyo — eca oopoc eoe: oy e pac o opaoe apaee peooo xapaepa! o co eo apa coce pyoo oa: epe ea a pope oo eoeo e ae, yp eaoo apocy, epy po o oyxy, ae e oao, copeee e pax xapaepo ooe: apcopaa c opeo, pea c yo, aaepa c ayo a eo oo a aee, o pocx paoc cyao. ce e copeex ocax. A ec o e o ycy oy pe, o po co ae oppee capa cae (Aand Silvese), ypeo oceeoo o ea y oe ya. a apa acaa ocoeo capaeo. Ec ee p oppea, ye e cx pee a e aeo e.

pyo o — opoee cyaceeo ea pa(52). . peep(53) coe apo «ce yepo» coce aoae pccec ye oo epaoo e. e e opee, op, a e acca ox e, oo c oee aeo co c oe yaae cyeo — ee, e, y. apa ea, ecpa capa o pey. o, copec opy a ee aaex epx e c poa oea ya po, aae paa pacaey ay, yy cepxy, aae e e ae, pacaee oe oaa. ocpe a o ex e o Caao oa cxaae pyo co cey ooy. y, cpaa, oo oa ooa ypa — a e, a ce pe, epa — oea epy a yxooo opo, a e e poe e...

pe oe ca, o cpaeoc, c aape cco(54) — oa cep aapee eae. Oe epeca oe. e poye ooo co eae, a eoop papaoa o ecoy pa c pax copo. Ec e, oe opaoc, oopae, xyoeceoc. eoope oo aa c cpa a e e aeo aoa. Ocoeo yeo ecy ap eco ppo, cpe oopo poxo paac, ooeoea. oo pae, o o. a o aop co yeaec ec xapaepo ye acoeo e. aco eco pex epee o pecae cpeeaac aap apao c x eepee peao ocaoo pocoo apo. e a capx aax oo pee e cpeaec oepe aoo cxoca. A xyo, c eo py Opaca epe(55), aco pea o oepa cap. opaa y cpey e pyoo pocoo apoa, cco o-a ooc o pa: y a pea eca apcopa, aoe ypya, e cpoco, eoe ocp oax oe, ooo a. eoope ce cpace cpaa ape cac a capoepacy paoy x ceo. y e co oa ap oo e cco ac paca: a ax ao-o py c ypyee ope ya ea; ye oo ooyc Xpcoc, cepa, op paa; o oo co oapey po ooy epoo ee a eo ecacoo eo oaae ey co ee py. apa epa paco-ope oo pyoco pae oe a «cpac» apa XIII XIV eo. ya ee oe epecyec eaec cea, a ce py, e ec poec e ceo opa. a aepxy, epe «ooo» epo, ec ocoo epepo ec epea pee, poo paax co eae.

ao caa, o ccxoeoc apco y yea. cax ocpecex eax oa axo xopoe copo ce poo yaa a x: opa e cxa ae ca ox aea.

oo ec xopox oppeo. e ocoeo opac o — pao aaa cepa(56). pecae o ypy o ec poc cpacoo copcea, o ce cepeo: yax, oax cyxoae o, acee, ea ppae eyooy ooy; o ooo, ca eoe ec opye paoopa p copa. aec, cpea eo, a e eo ooo, eaoe. O o ae, eocec, eoe pee a e, ep o cex pax. O oe ec ce, epepooa ce. o eep, ee ec coco ep peyx oo, o cpaco yae, o ee opec, o y oape, cax eo ye ao ep o cex oax aa pe.

opa o po o Cao; co o o aoepeco. Ec ee o Cao, opao o, o ope poeoc. Ec ee Cao «eacx» — aapxco oc. o o x ye pyo pa, ec e poae oxoa ca a caae pepaeca, aaee y ac oeo.

a o: ecoo co o cyype.

Cyypa apcoa o e oaa ae ceo. a cea y payo, oa oye yceoc; oo opaa oey(57) eaeo. Opaoc aepy: pyo cyao yce paopa opaoa ooy ac yp e opeea, oo-oo aoey. Ocoeo ec opaae eoc e o payco cycce. cyype, a cycce opoo coe, xyo c coec ycy eoxooc oce payo co aay paoy, oc ype poe N 5: apap a yx ooccax cex, ycycx, cx, oox, o pyx oo. O e, pyo co, oyc oepc a eaeo oo, oopa coo coe coce poca cyeaac c epo eaeo. o o ooccao pyo oc: « ycy yx eoe o e» — Je sens deux ommes en ob(58). oee paoo cycca -objets d'at* ec yeca apa pya: cao pap eye e cooo oc oa coea c eooeo ooc, eco paee. [*e paoo cycca.]

aa ace-oce(59) ca opooo ycycoo eoea, eaeo ecooo, eoo copeo eo. ocao: «Acpoo. y a aa: «Le Sphinx, au regard onn, au sourir yserieux, c'es L'Asronoie»* . . [* «Cc c ye o, c aceo yo — o Acpoo».]

Ec eaa paopa ea cpao o; oa apa ooy pya cpaa o, peoca ye paccapa coe eoepoe eo. Ec oa capyxa yacaeo eopa: poac aa oa o cop, ya co o: «ce oe ope yee».

Co, ey po, eopa aa ao opaeo opopaoc ao eapo pao, o peeo eoyeae epe epoc y ceoo p, ec, a ae ope op papaa cycce oy ec pao paaca! oeac a caax po c poee ao ep ecoo aoec. o po — eo xoe.

1. cyo . . poa «ace» (oee «oce ox Xpca a pece») coe a 30- oax e cee, a peoaa e, a pa apaao aape. e — peoco aepee. ooecoe ocpoeee pcya o poeo epoy ycy «yccoo xyoeceoo apxa a 1892 o, aaeoc oce A. . o (a. II).

2. pyoc oca Aecapo (1826—1893) — oce, ec ooce apa ypaco , o oepo peaceco cpa. yee c eo cpa «ac poa» (ae eapa ecepa, C., 1864) e ycex a oocee o ea. ocaae cc ace pyoc epee a copeeoc, cppoa x cea ooeoo, a oa ocpooeoo xapaepa.

3. «pe», oopoy e aea oac,— Aecap apo pe (1857—1927), o pe oo ecoo oeoo poypopa. pe e y epaype coco epece . . oc A. . exo (c. ca ea ey e « .. ». «», ., 1950). , (. 90- VIII , 1884 ) . . .. ( —   ). , . . «». « , , - ,— . -.— ... ,   , , , ...

« !» — , ... . . ...

, , , » (» », 1885, . LVIII, . 635).

4. (. 1861 ) — (, ).

5.     (1837—1893) —   ,   ,    .       . . 60- .

6.      (1844—1900) — , .

7. (1838—1893) — , . 60- (« » 1869 .). 70—80- , (« », 1878; « », 1888, p.). aeo o x xyoo ea, oop oac epe c eo apa a eco cepo cae 1873 oa oa ca . . pacoy: «Coe eaee, opcaee, ec o ap eo. Ocoeo e, a ee pe c eeepe: aa paa! aa c!» («cycco», 1940, N 5, cp. 9). oee, 1899 oy, oepy c «po ycca», e aa ce ex, o e "ec opca pa copecx ap eaaey acy yp , epoceex coe xapaepce ope, oop o ce ap ae" («» 1899, N 15).

8. Capa-oec ep (XVI coee) — ey pooe opo Cya III, peoa oe ceco ac yxoo.

9. e ee y apy aeo «pecee pc Apexo paeypc ocoy opo Cyy I» (1879—1882), axoyc paoco yee.

10. ooc e (po. 1866 oy) — xyo-apc; c 1881 o 1889 o — ye paoco xyoeceo o.

11. pa-aep oep (po. 1862 oy) — apc; pa ecoo ocoo poaca. a apy «Ocee acx» oy ooy ea ce paoco xyoeceo oe.

12. opoc Ao (1853—1924) — aac, ye aeo. Aop ap a e oapo-cepco o 1885—1887 oo, xyoece peopep oocoo ypaa «e Grapic».

13. XV—XVI eax pao coe o epo ocoo ycca. paoc oce e ap — o aeaex ao ox. a ypaee eo aap paoa 1477—1489 oax ac cyop, paep oce Co (a occ; po. 40—50- oax XV ea, yep 1533 oy pepe).

14. ae eepypco Aae xyoec, o yx ao paeo pyccoo acca, ocpoeo apxeopa ao aco ae-eaoo (1729—1800) Aecapo oe oopo (1726—1772).

15. eep Aep (po. 1844 oy) — copec oce oppec, paoa a opao xee.

16. aap ac (1840—1884) — copec oce c po pae eopa apoae, poeccop eco Aae xyoec (c 1879oa).

17. oo opeco cyopo ao (1757—1822) opacea (1768—1844) pae XIX , aco, XVIII coe. Ocae epecee e xyo paoa o ooc XVIII ee (ao, p), o ooc XIX ee (eapya, ayax, . , po . C. eo).

18. a y (1748—1825) — copec oce oppec, aa acceco o o pa, oxy eo payco ypyao peo «cp cycc» peoooo paeca. 8 ayca 1793 oa oe eceo ocao «ap» Aae. Oao o acaoc oo o eoopx pe; a oa Aae pooaa cyecoa, ccea peoaa peoaaec epcoa ocac pe.

19. eapya op e (1798—1863) — ae payc oce-poa. eo Ap (1843—1871) — pao yep xyo-opeac, o poaa. a e — ae payco Aae e, ecoepo oopo Ap eo o oea ca apoo. Aapa — aopo ope peoc apacx aeee pea ca, ac a apaco apxeyp XIII—XIV eo.

20. e ee y x yeo Oecco o oc — yoeoo Ee ocoa (1866—1948) yca epa Aecapoa (po. 1869 oy) ococo o oc a — ya Ape epoa (1861—1904), ecepoa xaa acea (1862—1942) aoa Cepe acea (1864— 1910).

21. oa aoea xee — copae eeo oc XIX ea. ayax e (1805—1874) — ee copec oce.

22. o oaoe pocaee a I e paao ox yc apoa, yepeo epaoe paee a cope ceoc peo peao. Opoe pa a opoece ae oecc ay; e a opo eo oocex o coepeo cpepoao eo aax apox acc. o pe peo 1848 oa I ye oaac o pecoa.

23. ac oa (po. epoax ooo 1865 oa) - aaoypac xyo; yc xee y poeccopa Aecapa e-eepa (1839—1896) paoa oo pe ( 1917 oy) ee.

24. o ap (1826—1886) — copec oce, oaa ooe e a pae eeo copeco oc XIX ee; peop xeco Aae xyoec c 1874 oa. acepco o xee eoopoe pe paoa o ooa Aae Cepac.

25 Apo (1827—1901) — ee xyo eapcoo pocxoe, aop oocex ap peyeceo ooecoo coepa. ace opeca a — 70—80- o. pa Ao ppx a, cop cycca, epayp, oeoep, ocoae Scac-Galerie, o epx opoee a ( oe 50- oo) copa coe aepee aeoe oeco eo ap.

26. eax pa (1836—1904) — ee oppec, pecae aepee aa a oppea, a ooce o c eaceca, yeca eeae XVI ea.

27. y pa (1863—1928) — ee oce, pa cyop,pecae c «oep». o eae cox ap y o y. apa «pex» ya (axoc oo aoee xee) 1900 oy a copoaa occ, a epec pyax coco (pco).

28. op (1804—1871) — acpc xyo, paoa epa; copec oce apc.

29 pa e (1841—1915) — oc xyo, paoa xee, ye o. ca o peyecy oae, aaepce aa . .

30 app ap (po. 1858 oy) — o pocxoe aepae; copec oce oppec; 90- oax — poeccop, ocec peop xeco Aae xyoec. e ap aca. Opoa apa appa «Caoeae» a copoaa 1889 oy a cae xeco Glaspalas

31. e (1839—1907) — copec oce apc, poeccop xeco Aae xyoec.

32. ee e (pae) (po. 1846 oy)—eac aac; 1867—1869 oax —ye eepypco Aae. C 1870 oa paoa xee.

33. p Aoc eopo (po. 1843 oy) — apc, c 1863 o 1870 o — ye eepypco Aae, aop ap «e» ( «opca oyoa»). C 1870 oa paoa xee.

34. ac ap (1840—1915) — copec oce, poeccop xeco Aae xyoec. 1879 oy ca eepype apy ooa Xpca. o ooy o ap paco aca ca «3a ocyce p» («ooe pe», 1879, N 105).

35. «o o op py ap ace Caco cpao a e oopc...» — e ee y oee ea « », coepaeo caa, coepeo epeee Cacoa. o ooy o ca Caco aca ey xe «poooe co». oeo ce e ca: «paac e aepe cea yy ca oop, o ya. cope epeca pepaac. ce E. . Aooco o 1/13 ap 1894 oa e e: "epoo, a eco, o ap ace oxopo e a epoe e oe co: a. e o e a cee" (. E. e. ca E. . apxaoo-Aooco . . apxaoy. .— ., 1937, cp. 30). aoa ea co Caco a o pa ac e.

36. Op peco oeo paao (1449—1494) ep C. ap oea o ope ec cao paoo pecoo pocc XV ea a cao aeo eo paoo. coe 1486—1490 .

37. paxo Apa opo (1846—1916) — cop cycca apxeoo; 1875—1887 oax — poeccop cop cycc Aae xyoec. C c eo pao ccao e o oec ee 60- oax, oa yeo Aae, a pa paxo — cyea.

38. apca Aae epe paa oepaa aaypy eapya, o pa Aae oo 1857 oy, oce cep o eapoa.

39. ayc (1829—1910) oe e (1829—1898) — yo-apc.

40. ope oee (1826—1901) — aa eaoaco o oc, copec oce, eac oppec, oaa e a pae peaa a ca yee ox oox xyoo ( o ce opy). oceo yee (po 1841 oy) — copec oce, ye ope. 'Opc Axe (1845—1929) — ypoee eao; o x acx cyopo peacecoo apae.

41. ep oa ope (1598—1680) — ac cyop apxeop, e pecae c apoo eo aoee o pao ope.

42. oo y (1850—1918) — apc.

43. Cap oa, Opeo opeo pye — aoece ace cyop. ep — aop pa apo aa ecce, opo — eye.

44. apo a e . A. Ooeco (paop) coe Aooc 1876 oy. Ooeca opaea ce y xoa ce.

45. e pexa ap, o-oy, op eceeo Caoa. 3 a 1894 oa Aooc ca . . Cacoy apa: «eep ec e; o oopoe oooe; o ac o-peey... o oe ao eoye o ooo apae cycce, a » («. . Aooc. o peae . . Cacoa. C., 1905, cp. 773). o ooy ca Caoe apcoa o Aooc cope aca ca «paa o cycce («ooc» o 21 a 1894 oa; epeeaaa «Ceepo ece , 1894, N° 7). O oe ea Aoocoo x cax o Caoe 1894 oa o oo coaa.

46. c e aa ep (1824—1898)— payc eopa oce, aop pocce apco paye, apco yepcee ocoeo ecx — apco aeoe (a ce c. eee, apoecc apa).

47. oceo Cepe epo (1869—1900) — apc, o yx yeo eco pcoao o, yep ape.

48. pcoa ap acea, , ypoea ep (xyoece ceo «ap», «ary azac»), po a epo (1841—1909) oxoo a ao (1850—1923) — pycce xyo, acea oocoaec a pae (pcoa-aa — c aaa 90- oo, po oxoo — ee pae). pcoa — aceca, yea . A. ; epe aaa cac eepype 70— 80- oax paoaa ee 1920- oax ape. po, oy xyoeceoe opaoae eco apco acepco epa,— aop eae eox ap pyccoo oeoo a, cpaop. oxoo — aop oocex, aeo cax apx eae. . . peo, coo e poee oxooa, copa coe aepee aa p pao xyoa.

49. eac o y (1848—1924)—copec oce, apc oppec (ye epoa).

50. peco a ceax oe Cecoo coopa ( a II — e C oo) — aoee aeoe poeee ypo (epapo eo ) (1454—1513), oca ypco o.

51. epo a (po. 1848 oy) — xyo, pope ecoc ooce apa, opaa apa ( o ce ooo eceeoc apa), apa a eaece ce copeeo ocaoe (ap «opoa peca» , «ooa», «ap aaa p.). oop o oppee «capa cae» (Apaa Cecpa), e ee y apy epo «cyee c. Ao», o oopo . . Aooc ca, o c. Ao — «poco copee oppe eco apco oc, eoea cpex e, ocoo, caocpacoo, oop c a ce coo, e yp, a a eax y eo oecc e coae — yape e, excsz oi — coce e oco...» (ca «paa o cycce»).

e p ap (1848—1911) — ee xyo-apc, opaa ce eae copeeo, peyeceo pecco ocaoe.

52. «Cyace p» — ec xyo Aya oe p (1806—1865), opae yaco aacpo, aop ap «e epo oo», «3ao opee» . .

53. peep eo (po. 1856 oy) — ec xyo, ec a opao oyea ooa, opaa py pec a oe ppo. O ape eoa peepa «ce yepo» Aooc ca: «pecae cee poac, aoey oa e, yx ae oe... y pecae — epo, paocye, eeca, cape, ooe, ae oae, ope e... ce o pya aaeo py a pya. ep oac oee coa ce. A aepxy e Caao, yace ap o pya... o a aa, ao aa coo ecca (ca «paa o cycce»).

54. cco ec (a oe) (1836—1902) — payc oce paep-oopc (oo A), ec a opao o cpa « Xpca (a aaea « cco»). a cae Caoe 1894 oy o, o coa . . Aoocoo, «350 aapee, eox o paepy,— aex, o ecx, a ooo (ca «paa o cycce»). a e a e, Aooc oeae oc eoopx aapee cco oo Aecapa aoa ( a eo aex eco-eaecx co): «eoope oo cco co aoa e aoa, ocoeoc a, e oa acac Accp. a oyae, o ao paoa o e apae 30—40 e oy aa... oe o! a oa eco co» (a e). ce . . Cacoy o 4 cep 1894 oa . . oco pac ee opeeeee: «... ce ye ocxac, a ocxac eep cco, oop oope oo aoa («e oco . . Caco. peca». 1878—1906, ., 1929, cp. 142).

55. epe Opac (1789—1863) — aac, pop xyo paycoo epaopcoo opa, a c 1843 oa — pop oce oa I. o ooy «oepa cap Opaco epe . . Caco ca: «O Opac epo, oepxoc o, o ca e e ya a, pya ca ece ce ocax apacx eyo (oeo, x epec)» («aa e pyccoo cycca» a «ce Epo», 1882,N11).

56. cep ec a-e (1834—1903) — ac oce, oopc opa, o co oe paycx peccoco.

57. oe Oc (1840—1917) — ae payc cyop.

58. apap op pe (po. 1863 oy) — aepac cyop, aop ox oyeax poee (cyyp ecacoo ao p.). oooc yc paoa ape (1883—1896). ca e oea. paopa pya « ycy yx eoe o e ( «e ayp , 1893) axoc eropolian Ar se (-op).

59. ace-oce c (po. 1861 oy) — ac cyop.

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